加拿大簡介

canada map

Main City Profiles

Visit any of these links to see profiles of our Canadian cities:

Ottawa: www.ottawatourism.ca
Toronto: www.toronto.com
Vancouver: www.tourismvancouver.com
Montréal: www.tourisme-montreal.org
Calgary: www.tourismcalgary.com
Winnipeg: www.destinationwinnipeg.ca
Québec City: www.quebecregion.com
Fredericton: www.tourismfredericton.ca
Halifax: www.halifaxinfo.com

canada guide

About our Regions

Canada is the world’s second largest country, and is divided into 10 provinces and three territories. Travelling from west to east, each region of Canada offers visitors something unique to see and do.

West Coast:

Region_AB British Columbia

Best known for its Pacific salmon, beautiful Rocky Mountains, and unique native totems, British Columbia also boasts the mildest weather in Canada, and an easy way of life.

Region_BC Alberta

One of Canada’s richest provinces due mainly to its oil fields,
Alberta is also home to many of Canada’s cowboys, with Calgary hosting the world-famous Calgary Stampede each year.

The Prairies:

Region_PRAIRIES Saskatchewan and Manitoba

These central Canadian provinces are the agricultural centres of the country. Also home to the RCMP and Canadian Mint headquarters, the central provinces bridge eastern and western Canada.

Central Canada:

 Ontario

One of Canada’s largest provinces and the country’s financial centre, Ontario is also home to both Ottawa (the nation’s capital), Toronto (the largest city in Canada), and Niagara Falls (one of the most visited sites in the world).

   Québec

As Canada’s francophone province, visiting Québec is like stepping into Canada’s past. Montréal is the largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris, and one of the oldest cities in Canada after Québec City which just celebrated its 400th anniversary in summer 2008.

Atlantic Coast:

 New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island

These four Atlantic provinces provide some of the most colourful
scenery and personalities in Canada. From the scenic Bay of Fundy to the charming Anne of Green Gables museum, the provinces on Canada’s east coast delight visitors with Celtic tradition and friendly conversation.

The Territories:

Region_NORTH The Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut

The least known, but possibly Canada’s most serene and beautiful areas, these vast territories make up the northern portion of the country. Snow-covered for most of the year, they also boast the best views of the Aurora Borealis and maintain Inuit and other aboriginal traditions.

Things to See and Do

Coming to Canada for a visit is an adventure. The wide expanse of our country provides visitors with a wide variety of options for sightseeing and exploring. Everyone has their own reason to visit Canada… here are just a few:

  1. Great Cities – Canada has some of the most friendly, safe, and inviting cities. Toronto, Vancouver, and Montréal top the list, each unique from the other.
  2. Natural Wonders – Canada is home to some of the world’s finest natural wonders including Niagara Falls, the Rocky Mountains, dinosaur excavation sites, and the Cabot Trail.
  3. Sporting Adventures – Canada offers all the sporting adventures you can imagine like skiing, snowboarding, golfing, dog-sledding, curling, whale-watching, rock climbing, hockey, skating, canoeing, sailing, wakeboarding, fishing, hiking, and so much more. Canada is an ideal, all-season destination.
  4. Year-round Festivals – Come celebrate all the cultures and traditions that make up the greatness of our country including: Tulip festival in Ottawa (May), the Calgary Stampede (July), Toronto International Film Festival (September), Nova Scotia’s Celtic Colours (October), and the Québec Winter Carnival (February), to name just a few.
  5. History – Discover Canada’s history by visiting any of its provinces or territories, where the history of the region is represented by museums, historical sites, and art galleries.

Official Languages & Culture

Canada is an officially bilingual country, with French and English both spoken at all government levels. Not all cities and provinces, however, can claim to be bilingual at the popular level. The majority of citizens in Québec are French-speaking, although Montréal can be said to be bilingual, with most citizens speaking both languages fluently. New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada, and the rest of the country is largely anglophone, with pockets of French-speaking or bilingual populations.

Culturally, however, Canada is uniquely diverse. Although historically the country was divided between the native aboriginals, the English, and the French, today Canada is a melting pot society made up of hundreds of cultures, each adding their own unique flair to our cultural make-up. Visit any large city and you’ll be able to walk through a Chinatown, Greektown, Little Italy, or Little India. Festivals of many different cultural origins are celebrated in many cities throughout the country. It is said that one can dine at a different ethic restaurant every day of the month in Toronto.

Taxes on goods and merchandise

Most provinces require the addition of two sales taxes be applied to all goods purchased: (1) the Goods and Services Tax (GST), which is a federally mandated tax and (2) a Provincial Sales Tax (PST), which is a provincially mandated tax.

When both GST and PST are applicable to a sale, the amounts of each should be shown separately on the cash register tape or invoice.

The provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick now charge a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST). Instead of charging a provincial retail sales tax as well as GST, only the HST is charged.

Province

   GST

   PST

   HST

Alberta 

5%

none 

   
British Columbia

13%

Manitoba

5%

7%

 
Ontario

13%

 

Quebec

5%

7.5%

New Brunswick

13%

Newfoundland

13%

Nova Scotia

13%

Prince Edward Island

5%

10%

Saskatchewan

5%

5%

Northwest Territories

5%

none

Nunavut

5%

none

Yukon

5%

none

The Canadian Seasons and Climate

http://climate.weather.gc.ca/

1

Practical Information

canadian_money_thumb  Currency:

Canada’s currency is based on dollars and cents.

100¢= $1.00 CAD

Mint denominations include: 5¢ (nickel or five cents), 10¢ (dime or 10 cents), 25¢ (quarter or 25 cents), $1.00 (Loonie, or one dollar), $2.00 (Toonie or two dollars).
The 1¢ (penny/cent) has recently been decommissioned. Stores now either round up or down to the nearest 5¢

Bank notes include: $5.00 bill, $10.00 bill, $20.00 bill, $50.00 bill, $100.00 bill, $1,000.00 bill.

Most retailers accept all denominations up to $50.00. Larger denominations may not be accepted at all retailers.

tip   Tipping:
Tipping for services received is a common practice in Canada. This includes service in restaurants, bars, pubs, hair salon, spa, and even taxis. Tipping in a restaurant is the most common and expected. Typically, patrons tip 15% in an average establishment, excluding taxes, provided the service was good. In finer restaurants, 20% is normal. The tip is usually left on the table if paying by cash, or included in the final amount of the bill if paying by credit card. In the case of a group reservation, the restaurant may add the service/gratuity to the bill automatically (patrons should check this before paying). In a pub or bar, a tip is usually given at the time that the drink is delivered if paying on a per-drink basis. The amount given per drink is not standard, with most patrons either rounding up to the nearest dollar or giving the equivalent of approximately 10%. Tipping in fast food or self-service restaurants is not expected.

Taxi cab sign Taxi service:
Taxi service is available in all cities, and is generally considered a safe mode of transportation. Taxis are regulated, so fares are set and posted in each car. The fare rates vary depending on the location, but generally begin with a set amount and increase per kilometre. In cases of specific routes (from a city centre to the airport), many taxis have pre-set rates that can be established prior to setting out. Tipping a taxi driver is common though not mandatory.

public transportation Public Transportation:
Most major cities in Canada offer a public transportation system, which may include: subway, sky train, bus, streetcar, train, and ferry. Most systems are comprehensive, allowing a visitor to reach most major attractions and extending into the residential suburbs. Public transportation is considered a safe mode of transit, but riders should always be vigilant about their personal property. Tickets or passes are required prior to boarding. In most cities, visitors staying for one week or longer can purchase a transit pass valid for either a specific number or an unlimited number of rides.

standard-us-power-outlet  11Electrical Voltage & Plug
The electrical voltage system in Canada is 110 volts.

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